Types of Mortgages
You might have heard someone say: "I put down a hundred thousand in cash (down payment) and took out a mortgage for the rest". A deposit/down payment is the amount of money you can pay towards the house purchase before taking out a mortgage. This can vary from as low as 5% for Help-to-Buy purchasers but is typically between 20% to 40%.
Fixed rate mortgage
A mortgage that has a fixed interest rate for the entire term or the limited term agreed for the loan. The unique factor of a fixed-rate mortgage is that the interest rate over every time period of the mortgage is known at the time the mortgage is originated. The benefit of a fixed-rate mortgage is that the homeowner will not have to contend with varying loan payment amounts that fluctuate with interest rate movements.
A remortgage (also known as refinancing) is the process of paying off one mortgage with the proceeds from a new mortgage using the same property as security (equity). In simple terms a home remortgage, or refinance, fulfils the terms your existing mortgage contract and creates a new contract with more favourable terms for you.
Buy-to-let is a specific type of mortgage, solely taken to purchase the property which is going on letting. Lenders calculate how much they are willing to lend using a different formula than for an owner-occupied property. They tend to look at the expected monthly rental income to determine the maximum loan available. First-time landlords might also be required to have a separate annual income of at least £25,000. For an owner-occupied property, the calculation is typically a multiple of the owner's annual income. The interest rates and fees that are offered on BTL mortgages are, on average, slightly higher than those for an owner-occupied mortgage. This is due to the perception amongst banks and other lending institutions that BTL mortgages represent a greater risk than residential owner-occupier mortgages.
On a flexible mortgage you are allowed to make extra payments when you have extra money available. Extra payments can be lump sum or extra amounts per month. Most flexible mortgages also offer the option of taking a 'payment holiday' by building up a reserve of excess payments. Both these features can help in paying the mortgage off early, or coping with unexpected expenses. A flexible mortgage is usually offered on a daily interest basis, and because you are being offered this flexibility as an extra service you will pay slightly higher rates of interest compared to standard variable rates.
Homebuyers survey and valuation
A property survey that includes a valuation and should reveal any major faults in the property. It is not as detailed as a Structural or Building Survey but will give your mortgage lender a valuation of the property you intend to purchase and outline any major structural repairs that may be required.
The amount charged, expressed as a percentage of principal, by a lender to a borrower for the use of assets. Interest rates are typically noted on an annual basis, known as the annual percentage rate (APR). The assets borrowed could include, cash, consumer goods, large assets, such as a vehicle or building. Interest is essentially a rental, or leasing charge to the borrower, for the asset's use. In the case of a large asset, like a vehicle or building, the interest rate is sometimes known as the "lease rate".
A mortgage, where the borrower is only required to pay off the interest which arises from the principal amount that is borrowed. Because only the interest is being paid off, the interest payments remain fairly constant throughout the term of the mortgage. However, interest-only mortgages do not last indefinitely, meaning that the borrower will need to pay off the principal of the loan eventually. Interest-only mortgages can be useful for first-time home buyers because it allows young people to defer large payments until their incomes grow. At the end of the interest-only mortgage term, the borrower has a couple of options. He or she can either renew the interest-only mortgage or repay it through standard means, such as entering into a normal mortgage and liquidating investments.
When a mortgage is fully repaid by borrower.
A repayment mortgage is a term usually used to describe a mortgage in which the monthly repayments consist of repaying the capital amount borrowed as well as the accrued interest, so that the amount borrowed decreases throughout the term and by the end of the loan term has been fully repaid.
Repossession is the process by which lenders can reclaim property from debtors (those that owe money) who have not kept up with their payments or default the payments.
This relates to monies withheld by lenders until certain mortgage conditions are met.
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